Playwright vs. Selenium: Which is Better? (hint: it's Playwright)

Ben Fellows


In this comprehensive guide, we will demonstrate that Playwright is the superior choice for automated testing when compared to Selenium. We evaluate both frameworks based on a variety of criteria, such as ease of use, performance, cross-browser compatibility, and support for multiple programming languages. By the end of this post, you should have a clear understanding of why Playwright is the better option for your testing needs.

Overview of Playwright

What is Playwright?

Playwright is an open-source browser automation tool developed by Microsoft. Designed for use by developers and QA engineers, it supports multiple programming languages including JavaScript, Python, and C#. Playwright is compatible with a variety of browsers, such as Chromium, Firefox, and WebKit, and is available across multiple platforms.

Key Features of Playwright

Playwright offers several standout features that differentiate it from other automation tools:

  1. Cross-Browser Support: Compatibility with Chromium, Firefox, and WebKit browsers.
  2. Multi-Language Support: Allows tests to be written in various languages including JavaScript, Python, and C#.
  3. Concurrent Execution: Supports parallel test execution, significantly reducing test run time.

Installation and Setup

Getting started with Playwright is straightforward. Installation can be accomplished through popular package managers like npm or pip. Once installed, initializing a new Playwright project is simple and quick. For more detailed instructions, consult the official Playwright documentation.

Comparison of Playwright and Selenium


When it comes to performance, Playwright is the clear frontrunner. It boasts faster and more reliable test execution than Selenium, thanks to its modern architecture that allows for concurrent test runs. Moreover, the ability to test on multiple browser engines gives developers greater flexibility.

Ease of Use and Learning Curve

Both frameworks have their learning curves, but Playwright's API is more intuitive and user-friendly than Selenium's. Its expressive syntax and built-in utilities simplify the process of writing and maintaining tests.

Debugging Capabilities

Playwright outperforms Selenium in the debugging department. With the ability to capture screenshots and videos during test execution, as well as providing detailed error messages, debugging is significantly more efficient in Playwright.

Maintenance and Stability

Playwright takes the lead again in the realm of test maintenance and stability. Its API design minimizes flakiness and the robust set of selectors enhances test stability, making test maintenance less labor-intensive compared to Selenium.


After a thorough examination, it's evident that Playwright is the superior tool for automated testing. With its wide array of features, robust API, and user-friendly design, Playwright stands out as the preferred choice for developers and QA professionals alike.

Its rapid performance, coupled with extensive documentation and an active community, makes it a versatile and reliable framework for modern web development practices.

For more information on Playwright, check out the official documentation or visit their GitHub repository. Also, stay connected with the Playwright community on Twitter.

Embrace Playwright for your future projects and improve the quality and reliability of your applications. Your future projects and users will thank you for it!

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